As we age gravity and sun exposure lead to loose skin of the face and neck. Deep creases, the nasolabial folds, running from each side of the nose to the corners of the mouth are tell tale signs of aging. In addition, gels up here making the crisp drawing of youth disappear in addition, loose skin and collections of fat in the neck can lead to an appearance that individuals would like to improve in order to regain a more youthful appearance. Rhytidectomy “facelift” surgery helps to reverse these signs of aging tightening the underlying muscles of the face, often removing unwanted fat deposits, and removing excess skin.
Face lift surgery is aimed at improving the middle and lower portions of the face and neck. It can be incredibly effective for improving:
- Sagging of the middle of the face
- Deep creases under the eyes
- Nasolabial folds
- Sagging fat
- Loose skin under the chin
- Removing fat under the chin and jaw
Although facelifts removes or reduces signs of aging, over time, they will gradually reappear. A facelift does not improve the look of the brow, eyelids and nose, and some parts of the mid-face. A patient who wants to improve those areas might combine a facelift with a brow lift or eyelid surgery, and/or with injectable soft-tissue fillers, facial implants and skin resurfacing.
Candidates For A Facelift
Both men and women are candidates for face lift surgery in order to address one or more of the unwanted signs of aging indicated above. smokers are at significantly increased risk and would be required to stop for at least one month before and refrain from smoking for one month after surgery in order to minimize the risks. if one is in good health, facelift surgery could be an option for people from their 30s.
As with any type of surgery, it is important to have your listic expectations and to make certain to adhere to your plastic surgeons postoperative instructions and follow up.
Types Of Facelifts
A facelift surgery is usually performed as an ad patient procedure either in an ambulatory facility or Hospital. With intravenous sedation or general anesthesia, but local anesthesia is also utilized. The procedure takes approximately two hours.
A traditional rhytidectomy is a “full” facelift that rejuvenates the face, jowls and neck, and includes sculpting and redistributing of fat; lifting and repositioning of muscle and deeper tissues; and trimming and re-draping of skin. The incision begins at the temples and travels down to the front of the ear, around the earlobe and behind the ear to the lower scalp at the hairline. Sometimes, another incision is made under the chin.
A limited incision rhytidectomy addresses the areas around the eyes, mouth, jaw and neck reducing the nasolabial folds decreases and some of the laxity leading to jowls. The incisions are typically made from just above the ear and around the ear. additional rhytidectomy traditional rhytidectomy is a open quote full close quote face-lift which addresses the face jowls and neck with sculpting and redistributing of the fat and lifting repositioning of the muscle and deeper tissues with trimming and re-draping a skin. The incision begins above the ear in the region of the temples and extends down to one in front of the ear and around the ear lobe as well as behind the ear. Occasionally, and incision is made in the natural grease under the chin in order to more fully correct the loose skin of the neck.
In most cases there is slight swelling and temporary numbness and bruising. There may be, understandably, a feeling of tightness in the face and neck which results over time. Scars are initially more visible, but has time passes over several weeks, the scars generally become inconspicuous.
Recovery From A Facelift
After a facelift, the surgeon wraps the incisions in bandages, and may insert drainage tubes; if so, they are taken out the next day. If surgical clips are holding some incisions closed, they are removed, along with any stitches, 1 week after the procedure.
Post-facelift, swelling, numbness, bruising and a feeling of tightness or tension in the face and neck may be felt. The face may look uneven or distorted, and facial muscles may feel stiff. Most of these side effects resolve within 3 to 6 weeks, and sensation typically returns to normal within a few months. Scars become less red, raised, lumpy and itchy over time.
Light activity is generally possible within a few days after surgery and most patients return to full activities by the third week. Once the stitches are removed camouflage Cosmetics may be used to minimize the appearance of bruising and to conceal the healing incisions.
Results Of A Facelift
Results of a facelift although the Improvement generally lasts for 5 to 10 years, some patients may wish to consider a revision, the results are long lasting. Even when a patient begins to see some of The Tell-Tale signs of aging returning, the face still pinched to look better than if the facelift had never been performed.
Risks Associated With Facelifts
Possible complications of a facelift include all of the typical risks of surgery and anesthesia. Additional risks include bleeding, infection, bruising, swelling, discoloration, delayed wound healing, nerve injury, and temporary or even permanent loss of sensation in the face.
A neck lift is a surgical procedure that smooths and tightens the neck’s skin, which can sag from aging or weight loss. There are usually two components to a neck lift: cervicoplasty, which removes excess skin, and platysmaplasty, which removes or tightens muscles in the neck. A neck lift can be performed alone or as part of a facelift. A neck lift candidate is in good physical and emotional health, and has realistic expectations about the outcome of surgery. The results of a neck lift can last up to 10 years.
Neck Lift Procedure
A neck lift begins with a small, inconspicuous incision directly below the chin (platysmaplasty) and/or in front of the ear lobes, looping behind the ears and ending in the scalp near the back of the neck (cervicoplasty). Sagging skin is trimmed away and lifted during cervicoplasty; loose muscles that cause the “bands” around the neck to be prominent are tightened during platysmaplasty. In some cases, it is necessary to perform only one of the two procedures. Liposuction is sometimes used to remove excess fat; if so, it is performed before the neck lift. Incisions are glued and/or sutured closed.
A neck lift usually takes 2 to 4 hours to perform, and the patient is given either general anesthesia or local anesthesia with sedation. Most neck lifts are performed on an outpatient basis. Bandages covering incisions are removed after a few days; sutures are typically removed after 7 to 10 days.
Recovery From A Neck Lift
Swelling and bruising from a neck lift can last up to 10 days. Applying cold compresses and keeping the head elevated for the first 48 hours following surgery minimizes swelling. Keeping the head still, and avoiding turning or twisting it for the first few days post-surgery, is recommended. Medication is prescribed to help alleviate discomfort.
Most people return to work and other normal daily activities within 2 weeks, after which bruising and swelling have subsided. More strenuous activities should be avoided for 4 to 6 weeks.
Risks And Complications Of A Neck Lift
Although rare, possible risks and complications of a neck lift include the following:
- Excessive bleeding
- Tissue death
- Blood clots
- Intense itching
- Skin discoloration
- Persistent swelling
A more serious complication, also rare, is facial nerve damage that can lead to muscle paralysis.